ASP El Pantanoso
The ASP El Pantanoso borders the south of the Calilegua National Park, which is the largest national park in the Yungas ecoregion(76,000 hectares), forming a single block of protected forest up to the border of the province of Salta. Baritú National Park is found in northern Salta, which makes up about 72,000 hectares of the Yunga.
The strategic location of the ASP El Pantanoso makes it a natural part of the Yungas ecological corridor that should exist between both national parks, to ensure the permanence of the species key to the ecosystem of the Yungas, such as the jaguar.
More than 123 species of trees and 144 species of butterflies have been identified in the lands of the Calilegua National Park and the ASP El Pantanoso. It is estimated that some 350 species of birds could inhabit the area, among which it is worth mentioning the golden-necked maracaná (Primolius auricollis), the blue-fronted parrot (Amazona aestiva) and smaller psittacines, such as Aratinga mitrata, among others.
In addition to the existence of about 120 species of mammals, it is known that El Pantanoso functions as a corridor zone for many threatened species that have been detected in the valleys of its rivers (Morado and Pantanoso) by their tracks and through the use of traps cameras, such as the jaguar (Panthera onca), the tapir (Tapirus terrestris), and two species of peccaries.
The large biological diversity that characterizes the region has sparked the interest of different research groups, reflected in the fact that in recent years, more than one hundred research projects have been carried out in the area.
The main objective of conservation in this nature reserve is the preservation of the Southern Yungas habitat, which makes up the highest number of species of trees, insects, birds, and mammals, because it is placed in one of the most biodiverse ecoregion of Argentina.
The jaguar is another conservation priority for the reserve and the country, since it has been declared a Natural Monument in 2001 and has a National Plan for its conservation at the national level and others at the regional level.
The presence of the jaguar in the reserve has been widely documented by trap cameras installed in ASP El Pantanoso since 2009 and it continues to be one of the species with a permanent presence, so the reserve also constitutes a refuge for this species that is seriously threatened by poaching.